Present Continuous Tense

Present Continuous Tense

What is Present Continuous Tense?

The present continuous is used for actions going on in the moment of speaking and for actions taking place only for a short period of time. It is also known as the present progressive tense. It is one of the most often used tenses in English. Keep in mind it is not used to express everyday habits and routines. Everyday habits and routines are expressed using the present simple tense.

How do we make the Present Continuous tense?

This tense is formed with the helping “to be” verb, in the present tense, plus the present participle of the verb (with an -ing ending). let us see the structure of the Present Continuous tense.

General Structure

  • 1. Affirmative (Positive) Sentence
Subject “To Be” Verb Rest of the sentence.
I am present participle Rest of the sentence.
We, You, They are present participle Rest of the sentence.
He, She, It is present participle Rest of the sentence.
  • 2. Negative Sentence
Subject “To Be”+Not Verb Rest of the sentence.
I am not present participle Rest of the sentence.
We, You, They are not present participle Rest of the sentence.
He, She, It is not present participle Rest of the sentence.
  • 3. Yes/No type Question
“To Be” Subject Verb Rest of the sentence?
Am I present participle Rest of the sentence?
Are we, you, they present participle Rest of the sentence?
Is he, she, it present participle Rest of the sentence?
  • 4.Information Question?
QW “To Be” Subject Verb Rest of the sentence?
QW am I present participle Rest of the sentence?
QW are we, you, they present participle Rest of the sentence?
QW is he, she, it present participle Rest of the sentence?

Important Note:

Verb – Present Participle
Auxiliary Verb – Am, Is, Are
I – Am
He, She, It – Is
We, You, They – Are

1. Affirmative (Positive) Sentences

Subject “To Be” Verb (Present Participle) Rest of the sentence
I am working on my website.
You are learning English at home.
We are reading WhatIsGrammar.com
He is speaking on the phone.
She is writing a novel.
It is getting worse.
They are playing cricket.

2. Negative Sentences

Subject “To Be” Verb (Present Participle) Rest of the sentence
I am not working on my website.
You are not learning English at home.
We are not reading WhatIsGrammar.com
He is not speaking on the phone.
She is not writing a novel.
It is not getting worse.
They are not playing cricket.

3. Yes/No type Question

Auxiliary Subject Verb (Present Participle) Rest of the sentence?
Am I working on my website.?
Are you learning English at home?
Are we reading WhatIsGrammar.com?
Is he speaking on the phone?
Is She writing a novel?
Is it getting worse?
Are they playing cricket?

4. Information Questions

Question Auxiliary Subject Present Participle
Rest of the sentence?
When am I working on my website?
Where are you learning English?
What are we reading ?
What is he speaking on the phone?
What is she writing ?
Why is it getting worse?
Where are they playing cricket?

When should we use the Present Continuous Tense?

So, now you can make the present continuous tense. But what about present continuous use?  Here are some situations when we need this tense:

Use 1 Things that are happening at the moment

Most often, we use the present continuous tense to talk about actions happening at the moment of speaking.

  • I am working at the moment.
  • You are learning English now.
  • You are reading about present continues tense.

Use 2 Temporary situations

This tense is also used for activities continuing only for a limited period of time.

  • He is staying with his friend for a week.
  • I am living in Bangalore for a few months.

Use 3 Longer actions in progress

We use the present continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second.

  • He is studying hard to become an Engineer.
  • I am working on my website.

Use 4 Future Arrangements and Plans

Sometimes we use the Present Continuous to show that something is planned and will be done in the near future.

  • I am meeting some friends after work.
  • I am not going to the party tonight.
One comment on “Present Continuous Tense
  1. salman nasa says:

    i have learnt alot from “whatis grammar” .great work.before it i never know how to make good sentense.God bless you

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